Useful Information Teachers and Administrators Should Know About the TOEIC

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Brian D. Bresnihan, University of Hyogo


In recent years, a total of over half a million TOEIC Institutional Program (IP) Tests and TOEIC Bridge IP Tests are administered to college and university students in Japan yearly. This paper covers various issues concerning the use of the TOEIC test in schools, such as using the TOEIC, a norm-referenced test, for criterion-referenced test purposes, which results in misuses of the scores, as does using the scores without reference to their standard errors of difference. It also explains why it is unreasonable for schools to expect that most of their students’ TOEIC scores will increase, even after a semester or year of studying, and points out that using the TOEIC test tends to hinder the teaching, practicing, and learning of certain English language abilities, namely those that are not specifically addressed on the TOEIC test.