Writing Training: Written Output, Visual-Auditory Input, and Noticing

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Taeko Doi, Globist English Studio


In this paper I introduce an activity that helps elementary level students compose their own sentences in English. Elementary level students normally have difficulty composing their own ideas in English without any models. This activity is designed to provide scaffolding so that the learners can compose their own ideas and sentences with the support of a model. Based on classroom observations, this step-by-step method for teaching sentence writing to a small group of elementary level students is detailed. The student outcomes for the activity suggest that this method helps learners start writing meaningful sentences and become more autonomous as learners through a student-centered teaching style.