Effective Language Patterns in the Classroom

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Brian Cullen, Nagoya Institute of Technology; Brad Deacon, Nanzan University; Sarah Mulvey, Nagoya City University; Ben Backwell, Nagoya City University


This paper begins with a discussion of the importance of teacher and student beliefs in the learning process. The main body of the paper offers practical suggestions on how to convey these beliefs to students through the usage of effective language patterns including Yes-Sets, modal operators, and embedded suggestions. Advice on delivering suggestions using analogue marking is also discussed. In order to quantify the effects of language pattern usage, a study was conducted and the results are reported in the second part of this paper. The paper concludes with a short summary of a research study, which was aimed at quantifying the benefits of these language patterns in the language learning process.