Creating a Framework for Content-Rich Speaking

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John Campbell-Larsen, Momoyama Gakuin University



Conversation is one of the central skills of language, but many Japanese language students experience great difficulty in holding conversations in English. In many cases students give very short turns in conversation, with very little attempt to elaborate. A lack of vocabulary and grammar may seem to be the main reasons why conversation proves difficult, but this paper will suggest that previous classroom experiences and transference of discourse norms from Japanese may cause students to create content-poor utterances. The author will go on to detail how relexicalization, a mix of subjective and objective content, and use of smallwords such as “Well”, “You know” and “I mean” can serve as a framework for students to create utterances that are more natural and meet the social, interactional demands of conversation.
会話は中心的言語技能の一つであるが、多くの日本人学生は、英語での会話に難解さを感じ、英語会話の中で短く、簡潔化された発話をしようとする。語彙や文法力の欠如が、英語会話の難点の主な理由であるようである。本稿では、教室での英語学習経験や日本語の談話法の転移により、英語会話の内容が乏しくなるという考えを論ずる。さらに、再語彙化(relexicalization)、事実と意見の混合、そして「Well」、「You know」、「I mean」などの短い慣用表現が、会話の社会的・相互作用的要求を満たす、自然な発話をする枠組みとなることを説明する。