Principles for developing oral fluency in the classroom – スピーキング力を発達させる指導法

Harlan Kellem, Kwansei Gakuin University



Oral fluency consists of temporal aspects of speech, including speech rate, pauses, and length of speech runs between pauses. Language that students know but cannot use fluently is an especially good target for fluency development. This paper presents seven principles to consider when designing and doing fluency-based classroom activities: incorporate repetition, increase speaking time, prepare for speaking, use familiar and motivating topics, ensure appropriate level, impose time limits, and teach formulaic sequences. Each of these principles is discussed along with illustrative sample classroom activities.