A collaborative writing approach: Methodology and student assessment

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Christopher Mulligan & Russell Garofalo, Ritsumeikan University


This paper will review a collaborative writing methodology designed for the authors’ EFL university classes in which students work in pairs to produce co-authored paragraphs and essays. Throughout the step-by-step procedure, students use the target language to plan, negotiate, draft, and revise their writing assignments, and thus make meaningful, task-oriented use of multiple skills at all stages of the process. At the end of the year-long course, the authors asked their students to submit written feedback about their experience in order to assess the efficacy of the collaborative approach. This paper provides background information on collaborative writing, outlines the actual program put into place, analyzes student feedback and concludes with suggestions for improvements that could be made to the program.