GILE SIG: Learning to create sustainable change

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Craig Manning, University of Shimane


This paper presents a seven-step framework to assist students to independently select real-world issues, learn about them, and teach each other using English. These steps have been designed and refined to greatly enhance the chances of success. Students select an issue, identify the sources, set SMART goals to change the source of the problem, recruit help, learn from more experienced groups, take action, and follow up.