Changing Views on Motivation in a Globalizing World

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Elizabeth Wadell, Diablo Valley College, California; April Shandor, English Center, Oakland, California


Traditionally, language learning motivation was conceived as being either “instrumental” or “integrative,” but recent research suggests that in today’s globalizing world this distinction no longer holds for many learners of English. Over the past ten years, there has been a shift away from the view of English learning as a way to integrate into American/British/Australian culture. Many scholars are now exploring the ways in which EFL learners develop international identities while simultaneously retaining their own cultures. The authors of the current article—English language teachers and graduate students—discuss how their research on new concepts in motivation led them to engage with their colleagues on the issue, and ultimately, to change their own teaching.