Language is basic to our sense of self, as is gender; how these are connected is intriguing. Language, gender, context, and power are interconnected and continue to be examined by sociolinguists and feminists. Deborah Cameron, a materialist radical feminist, has explored gender and language, looking at the dynamic of conflict in gender relations. Recently she has been examining evolutionary science and neuroscience in order to deal with the recurring popularity of biological essentialism (the notion that our genetic makeup determines who we are). This interview discusses some of Cameron’s groundbreaking research and is a prelude to the IGALA conference to be held September 18-20, 2010 in Tokyo.