Lifelong Learning: Designing an English Education Programme for Japan

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Nicholas Musty, Kwansei Gakuin University

Reference Data:

Musty, N. (2016). Lifelong learning: Designing an English education programme for Japan. In P. Clements, A. Krause, & H. Brown (Eds.), Focus on the learner. Tokyo: JALT.

The widespread practice of adults learning English is one that has received attention from some researchers (Jarvis, 2004; Knowles, Holton, & Swanson, 2011; McCombs, 1991). In Japan, there is an industry of private conversation schools leading the way in language instruction for this demographic. However, with the country increasingly identifying the need for further globalisation of an ageing, declining population, fresh thinking is required. In this paper, I consider lifelong learning, paying special attention to 4 key elements: opinions on previous experience in education, motivation, appropriate topics for learning material, and self-learning. Based on previous research and the results of interviews conducted with 8 people living in Japan who have experience of extracurricular lessons in English, tentative recommendations are made with reference to conclusions drawn from the research, including the offering of a diversity of courses and an oral focus. 

世界中に英語を学んでいる成人が多くいる。教授方法も沢山あり、研究対象(Jarvis, 2004; Knowles, Holton, & Swanson, 2011; McCombs, 1991)にもなっている。日本では、特にこの成人の英語教育を英会話学校に任せている。しかしながら、高齢化社会やグローバル化等を考慮すると、教え方の是非を問う必要がある。この研究では、日本にいる英語学習者8人を対象に、どのような授業なら生涯学習が成功するかという意見を聴取し、子供時代の英語授業、やる気、話題、学習時間の4つに重点を置きました。その結果、「もっと会話に注目したい」「コースを選ぶ時にもっとオプションを増やして欲しい」などの意見が得られた。