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Contrasting Motivational Characteristics of University Students With and Without Study-Abroad Interests: A Profile Analysis

Page No.: 
13
Writer(s): 
Chika Kojima Takahashi, Faculty of Law and Letters, Ehime University

This study investigated motivational profiles of university students’ interests/disinterests in study abroad within the frameworks of self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985) and the L2 Motivational Self System (Dörnyei, 2009). Although much has been investigated regarding study abroad and L2 motivation, it has remained unclear as to what the motivational characteristics are among students who study abroad or who are interested in doing so before taking on the journey. In order to investigate the difference between the two groups, a questionnaire was administered to 77 university students, and the data were analyzed using profile and correlational instruments. The results indicated that those interested in study abroad had significantly high intrinsic motivation and a strong image of their ideal L2 selves. Furthermore, it was a specific and elaborate type of ideal L2 self that correlated highly with intended learning effort regardless of the groups. Based on the results, pedagogical implications are discussed.

本研究では、自己決定理論およびL2セルフシステムの枠組みを使って、留学に興味のある大学生とそうでない大学生の動機づけに関する違いを調査した。留学とL2動機づけに関してはさまざまな研究が存在するが、留学によってL2動機づけがどのように変化するかを調べたものが多く、そもそも留学に興味を示すものとそうでない者との留学前の動機づけ面における特徴を調査した研究が不足している。そこで本研究では、77人の大学生を対象にアンケートを行い、プロフィール分析および相関分析により、その差を調査した。その結果、留学に興味のあるグループは特に内発的動機づけが高く、L2理想自己が強いことが明らかになった。さらに、興味の有無にかかわりなく、L2学習の努力の度合いとの相関が高いのは、具体的なレベルでのL2理想自己であった。このような結果を基に、研究では教育的示唆も論じる。

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