Article: Learning to be a Teacher: Development of EFL Teacher Trainee Interactional Practices

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Yuri Hosoda and David Aline



Applying Conversation Analysis (CA), this longitudinal study examines how teacher trainees developed their classroom interactional practices in an elementary school and constructed their identities as teachers over a 19-month period. The analysis focuses on two Japanese university students participating as teacher trainees in English Activities classes at an elementary school. Over 30 hours of classroom interaction were video recorded and analyzed in detail. Observation of the data revealed that through participation in this particular community, the trainees developed classroom interactional practices in two areas: provision of assessments to students and initiative in giving directions. As the trainees’ interactional practices evolved, there were changes in their social actions in becoming teachers. This study demonstrates the positive effects of on-site training, and delineates the processes fledgling trainees undergo in transition to becoming fully participating teachers.