The Effect of Excessively Difficult Listening Lessons on Motivation and the Influence of Authentic Listening as a “Lesson-Selling” Tag

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Mark Rebuck


Although the use of authentic material is widely advocated, it is often assumed that the difficulty posed by such material may demotivate lower-level students. This paper reports on a study showing that excessively difficult authentic listening can be motivational for such learners, partly because of their very inability to comprehend it. Another finding examined is that selling, or emphasizing the authentic provenance of such materials, can positively effect students’ perception of the lesson in which they are used. The practical application of such Level-Excessive Authentic Listening (LEAL) andLesson-Selling Tags (LST) is also discussed.