To the second interview! For this interview, we bring you a discussion with Judith O’Loughlin. Judith O’Loughlin is an independent education consultant and author with 25 years of experience as an ESL and special education teacher. Her areas of expertise mainly lie in teaching K-12, adult and graduate levels in the United States. She recently published a book titled “Students with Interrupted Formal Education: Bridging Where They Are and What They Need” and gave a plenary presentation at the JALT International Conference, 2018. She was interviewed by Frazer Smith, an adjunct lecturer based in the Tokai area. His research interests include language learning motivation, multilingual identities, and ICT.