As an academic writer, in each paper you write you should include references for any work in your writing, whether indirectly quoted (paraphrased) or directly quoted. This will allow your readers to follow up on your work and to also use your research to speed up their own through the sources that you have so diligently discovered. The American Psychological Association (APA) reference style uses the Author-Date format. If you are in any doubt about your referencing, you can also refer to the rules of APA Style detailed in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) available at <http://www.apastyle.org/>. That being said, here is a quick rundown of the basics of APA formatting that you will need to take note of as you write.