The Power of Live Delivery: Reading Empowered by Orature or Audio?

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Meredith Anne Stephens
Danielle Kurihara
Suzanne Kamata
Kohji Nakashima


Sixty-four students listened to a live weekly reading of a text, and an audio-recording of stories over a semester. After the semester, students were asked whether they preferred the live reading or listening to the audio-recording online. The teachers conducting the live reading were an American and an Australian. Most students preferred the live reading to listening to an audio-recording. The students provided reasons for this, such as the interactive nature of listening to a live reading, and the effectiveness of embodied communication. Despite the availability of online learning, there are clear advantages to a live reading, due to the superiority of embodied communication.

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Extensive Reading World Congress Proceedings