Factors Affecting Gains on the TOEIC Bridge Test

: A Case Study


  • Hiroko Yoshida Osaka University of Economics


extensive reading, case study, TOEIC Bridge, the Engagement Model of Reading Development


This paper reports a case study of two non-English-major students enrolled in general English classes in which a 15-minute period of sustained silent reading (SSR) was incorporated, and out-of-class reading was encouraged. Over approximately 10 months, they read a total of more than 300,000 words, which far exceeds the average number of words that Japanese students encounter in English textbooks at junior and senior high schools put together (30,000–50,000 words). However, despite their active engagement in extensive reading, the two participants showed contrasting results on standardized tests. One student improved his TOEIC Bridge score from 154 (April) to 174 (December) and scored 835 on the TOEIC test (December) within a year. The other did not sufficiently improve his TOEIC Bridge scores. The factors that may have affected the difference in results between the students were examined.






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