Communication strategy use of EFL college students

Huei-Chun Teng

The purpose of the present study is to examine the communication strategy use of EFL college students. The participants were 318 students at a university in Taiwan. The instruments consisted of a role-play task, a communication strategy questionnaire and an interview guide. The questionnaire of communication strategies included 26 strategies of seven factors for coping with listening problems and 32 strategies of eight factors for speaking problems. Results show that the participants adopted most often nonverbal strategies and least often accuracy-oriented strategies. The strategy most often used is “I use words which are familiar to me.’” Besides, the more proficient EFL learners had significantly more frequent use of fluency-oriented strategies and negotiation for meaning while speaking. By providing empirical evidence and descriptions, the study can facilitate our understanding of L2 communication strategy use, and further assist Taiwanese college students to become more effective EFL speakers.